Postgraduate

Postgraduate

Postgraduate education, or graduate education, involves learning and studying for academic or professional degrees, academic or professional certificates, academic or professional diplomas, or other qualifications for which a first or bachelor's degree generally is required, and it is normally considered to be part of higher education. In North America, this level is generally referred to as graduate school.

The organization and structure of postgraduate education varies in different countries, as well as in different institutions within countries. This article outlines the basic types of courses and of teaching and examination methods, with some explanation of their history.

These are sometimes placed in a further hierarchy, starting with degrees such as the Master of Arts and Master of Science degrees, then the Master of Philosophy degree and finally the Master of Letters degree.

In the UK, master's degrees may be taught or by research: taught master's degrees include the Master of Science and Master of Arts degrees which last one year and are worth 180 CATS credits, whereas the master's degrees by research include the Master of Research degree which also lasts one year and is worth 180 CATS or 90 ECTS credits and the Master of Philosophy degree which lasts two years.

In Scottish Universities, the Master of Philosophy degree tends to be by research or higher master's degree and the Master of Letters degree tends to be the taught or lower master's degree. In many fields such as clinical social work, or library science in North America, a master's is the terminal degree.

Professional degrees such as the Master of Architecture degree can last to three and a half years to satisfy professional requirement to be an architect. Professional degrees such as the Master of Business Administration degree can last up to two years to satisfy the requirement to become a knowledgeable business leader.

Applied Science

Applied science is a discipline that is used to apply existing scientific knowledge to develop more practical applications, for example: technology or...

View Details
Commerce

Commerce is the movement of purchasing and offering of products and enterprises, particularly on an expansive scale. The framework incorporates legiti...

View Details
Sciences

Science is a systematic enterprise that builds and organizes knowledge in the form of testable explanations and predictions about the universe. Conte...

View Details
Medicine and health

Medicine and Health is an international journal published by the Faculty of Medicine Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia. The journal is published twi...

View Details
Engineering and technology

An engineering technologist is a specialist dedicated to the development, design, and implementation of engineering and technology. Engineering techno...

View Details
Criminology, Law & Justice

Criminal justice is the system of practices and institutions of governments directed at upholding social control, deterring and mitigating crime, or s...

View Details
Arts & humanities

Humanities are academic disciplines that study human culture. In the Middle Ages, the term contrasted with divinity and referred to what is now called...

View Details