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Information Technology and Computing

Information Technology and Computing

Information technology (IT) is the application of computers and internet to store, retrieve, transmit, and manipulate data, or information, often in the context of a business or other enterprise. IT is considered a subset of information and communications technology (ICT). In 2012, Zuppo proposed an ICT hierarchy where each hierarchy level "contain some degree of commonality in that they are related to technologies that facilitate the transfer of information and various types of electronically mediated communications." Business/IT was one level of the ICT hierarchy.

The term is commonly used as a synonym for computers and computer networks, but it also encompasses other information distribution technologies such as television and telephones. Several industries are associated with information technology, including computer hardware, software, electronics, semiconductors, internet, telecom equipment, engineering, healthcare, e-commerce, and computer services.

Humans have been storing, retrieving, manipulating, and communicating information since the Sumerians in Mesopotamia developed writing in about 3000 BC, but the term information technology in its modern sense first appeared in a 1958 article published in the Harvard Business Review; authors Harold J. Leavitt and Thomas L. Whisler commented that "the new technology does not yet have a single established name. We shall call it information technology (IT)." Their definition consists of three categories: techniques for processing, the application of statistical and mathematical methods to decision-making, and the simulation of higher-order thinking through computer programs.

Based on the storage and processing technologies employed, it is possible to distinguish four distinct phases of IT development: pre-mechanical (3000 BC – 1450 AD), mechanical (1450–1840), electromechanical (1840–1940), electronic (1940–present), and moreover, IT as a service. This article focuses on the most recent period (electronic), which began in about 1940.

Courses Found (54)

  • MSc in Computing

    The M.Sc. in Computing offers a choice of Majors, designed to equip graduates with a range of cutting edge skills, which enable them to produce high quality software and systems that deliver solutions to business and the economy.

    Department: Information Technology and Computing

    Duration: 2 years

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  • MSc in Computing

    The MSc degree has been designed to give students an insight into the world of academic and industrial computing research.

    Department: Information Technology and Computing

    Duration: 2 years

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  • Master's studies Information Technology Management

    program prepares professionals who are able to develop and improve the software that the modeling, automate, monitor, monitor and analyze the impact of IT management solutions company operating processes, assess potential risks making the business of IT s

    Department: Information Technology and Computing

    Duration: 2 years

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  • Master of Information Technology (Computing and Networking)

    In the expanding e-Business/e-Commerce industry, there is a growing global demand for graduates skilled with a mix of marketing, management, internet, multimedia, computing, networking, software technologies and business operation skills.

    Department: Information Technology and Computing

    Duration: 2 years

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  • Master in Computing - Information Systems Specialisation

    The Master of Computing programme is a comprehensive and challenging graduate programme with area specialisations. It encompasses latest research findings, both applied and fundamental.

    Department: Information Technology and Computing

    Duration: 2 years

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  • Master of Computer Science (MCompSc)

    The Master of Computer Science provides students with an opportunity to broaden their base of knowledge and increase their research capabilities in a specific area of computer science.

    Department: Information Technology and Computing

    Duration: 2 years

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  • Computer Science - Master's program

    The study program has acquired a European quality mark of Computing Faculty of Computer Science master's program is an academic elite program: being prepared not just professionals but smart professionals who are able to quickly learn new areas of activit

    Department: Information Technology and Computing

    Duration: 2 years

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  • PROFESSIONAL MASTER degree in Information Technology

    The Professional Master’s study programme “Information technology” aim is to educate high qualification specialists for professional activity in the field of Technologies and Telecommunication with specialization in Management of Information Technol

    Department: Information Technology and Computing

    Duration: 2 years

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  • Master of Science degree program

    Prepare computer science professionals in the rapidly growing private IT sector, as well as providing students with the most outstanding knowledge and skills required for computer science and IT professionals an excellent master's level

    Department: Information Technology and Computing

    Duration: 2 years

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  • Master in computer science

    Computer Science program at the University of Copenhagen gives you a basic theoretical and practical foundation in computer science many disciplines.

    Department: Information Technology and Computing

    Duration: 2 years

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  • Master's in Computer Science

    The Master's Program in Computer Science offers a unique choice of courses that covers all aspects of the discipline, ranging from advanced digital technologies to distributed information systems and security. It also includes emerging disciplines such as

    Department: Information Technology and Computing

    Duration: 2 years

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  • Computer Science Degree: Master

    Computer Science is a young science at the interface between mathematics and engineering and natural sciences.

    Department: Information Technology and Computing

    Duration: 2 years

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  • Master in COMPUTER SCIENCES

    Master in Computer science provides comprehensive, multidisciplinary training in the information and communication sciences.

    Department: Information Technology and Computing

    Duration: 2 years

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  • Master of Informatics: Programming and Networks

    The master's programme will provide deeper insight into how computers work and how they can be used to solve problems. Information technology is an aid in many fields such as medicine, biotechnology, law, culture and learning. Your master's will focuse on

    Department: Information Technology and Computing

    Duration: 2 years

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  • Computer Science - master

    The program covers both the theoretical basis and the experimental methods in computer science. Higher level courses are directly connected to the research within the Department. This imply an opportunity for substantial knowledge in the fields covered.

    Department: Information Technology and Computing

    Duration: 2 years

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  • Master of Information Technology

    The Master of Information Technology is an 18 month full-time programme that aims to enable students who have a bachelors degree in IT or computing to achieve a postgraduate level qualification in information technology.

    Department: Information Technology and Computing

    Duration: 18 Months

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  • Master of Computing

    Develop your analytical, research, strategic planning and project management skills and improve your ability to design, plan and organise technology-based projects.

    Department: Information Technology and Computing

    Duration: 2 years

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  • Master of Information Technology

    Center of attention your research on the ultra-modern developments to your subject of speciality. Opt for fingers-on research relevant to your career from a range of options including information mining

    Department: Information Technology and Computing

    Duration: 18 Months

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  • Master of Computer Science

    At UNB you will enjoy learning from expert Computer Scientists in a long-standing program; the Faculty of Computer Science (FCS) at the UNB’s Fredericton Campus was the first computer science faculty in Canada.

    Department: Information Technology and Computing

    Duration: 2 years

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  • M. Sc. Computational Sciences

    Computational Science is a multidisciplinary field concerned with the theory and application of computer science and mathematics to the solution of real world problems.

    Department: Information Technology and Computing

    Duration: 2 years

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  • MSc Computer Science

    Computer science combines the intellectual challenge of a young discipline with the excitement of an innovative and rapidly expanding technology.

    Department: Information Technology and Computing

    Duration: 2 years

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  • Master of Information Security

    Prepare to enter information systems analysis, privacy, audit and governance roles. CUE has developed a quality international curriculum that enables graduates to address the complex information security challenges posed by our information technology and

    Department: Information Technology and Computing

    Duration: 2 years

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  • Master of Education (Information Technology)

    This program was designed to facilitate the educational use of information technology in a wide variety of settings.

    Department: Information Technology and Computing

    Duration: 2 years

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  • Master of Information Systems and Technology

    This course builds on the curriculum of the graduate certificate to provide you with additional studies into business information technology management.

    Department: Information Technology and Computing

    Duration: 18 monts Full Time

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  • Master of Information Systems

    The Master of Information Systems has been developed in response to the rapid growth in the use of information systems and eBusiness applications by businesses and governments internationally.

    Department: Information Technology and Computing

    Duration: 1.5 years

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  • BACHELOR OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY

    The Bachelor of Information Technology will equip you with the skills and knowledge for a successful career in the information technology (IT) industry.

    Department: Information Technology and Computing

    Duration: 3 years

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  • Master of Information Technology Management (MITM). Available online

    You already know that IT is a fast-paced, ever-changing industry. Staying at the top of your game presents endless challenges. Systems, platforms and devices constantly need updating, and disruptive technologies continue to dramatically change the way thi

    Department: Information Technology and Computing

    Duration: 1.5 years

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  • Master of Software Engineering

    The Master of Software Engineering aims to provide graduates with the knowledge, tools and methods for defining software requirements, performing software design, construction, testing and maintenance tasks.

    Department: Information Technology and Computing

    Duration: 2 Years

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  • Master of Computing and Innovation

    The Master of Computing and Innovation is a conversion program designed for students who wish to develop new skills in the area of information technology (IT), management and innovation.

    Department: Arts & humanities

    Duration: 2 years

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  • Master of Computer Science

    Advanced technical studies in computer science provide an understanding of how software and hardware can be combined to overcome a range of complex challenges.

    Department: Information Technology and Computing

    Duration: 2 Years

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  • Master of Information Management (Library and Information Management)

    The library and information management specialisation prepares graduates for careers as librarians and information managers.

    Department: Information Technology and Computing

    Duration: 2 years

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  • Master of Information Management (Archives and Records Management)

    The archives and records management specialisation prepares graduates for careers as archivists, records managers, preservation managers and administrators, information managers, and documentation officers.

    Department: Information Technology and Computing

    Duration: 2 years

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  • Master of Data Science

    This program provides graduates with a coherent and in-depth knowledge of current techniques and research in data science, with a theme of applying this knowledge and research in the context of professional practice.

    Department: Information Technology and Computing

    Duration: 2 years

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  • Master of Information Technology (Enterprise Management)

    The Master of Information Technology (Enterprise Management) aims to provide graduates with the advanced knowledge and skills to apply specific competencies in management and information technology.

    Department: Information Technology and Computing

    Duration: 2 years

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  • Master of Cybersecurity

    Organisational context is considered throughout the program in a series of courses covering planning, compliance and consultancy.

    Department: Information Technology and Computing

    Duration: 2 years

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  • Master of Business and Innovation (Digital Transformation)

    USQ’s Master of Business and Innovation (Digital Transformation) specialisation will focus on best practice in business intelligence, design, systems and practical application in digital transformation projects.

    Department: Information Technology and Computing

    Duration: 1.5 years

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  • Master of Business Administration Specialisation Digital Transformation

    Gain the competitive edge with one of Australia’s largest MBAs. You will learn about change and sustainability across global markets and contexts, as well as areas of contemporary business management.

    Department: Information Technology and Computing

    Duration: 1.5 years

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  • Master of Information and Communications Technology

    The Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Industry is one of the fastest growing and changing fields

    Department: Information Technology and Computing

    Duration: 2 years

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  • Master of Science in Internetworking

    This course is intended for computing science, information technology or engineering graduates, with or without networking experience, who wish to learn or extend their knowledge of networking and networking technologies.

    Department: Information Technology and Computing

    Duration: 1.5 years

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  • Master of Information Technology

    This course is designed to enable students to achieve a comprehensive and greater understanding of information technology in specialised technical or management areas.

    Department: Information Technology and Computing

    Duration: 2 years

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  • Master of Information and Communication Technology Advanced

    Learn about UOW's Master of Information & Communication Technology. Combines strong technical skills & practical industry-based subjects.

    Department: Information Technology and Computing

    Duration: 2 years

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  • Master of Information Technology Management

    Learn more about our Information Technology degrees that combine a strong technical education with practical industry-focused subjects.

    Department: Information Technology and Computing

    Duration: 1.5 years

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  • Master of Health Informatics

    Get a better understanding of IT within the health industry with the Master of Health Informatics at the UOW.

    Department: Information Technology and Computing

    Duration: 2 years

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  • Master of Computer Science (Software Engineering)

    UOW's Computer Science Masters connects you with the career you want. Our degrees are thorough & flexible.

    Department: Information Technology and Computing

    Duration: 2 years

    Read More Apply Now
  • Master of Computer Science (Network and Information Security)

    UOW's Computer Science Masters connects you with the career you want. Our degrees are thorough & flexible.

    Department: Information Technology and Computing

    Duration: 2 years

    Read More Apply Now
  • Master of Computer Science (Multimedia and Visual Processing)

    A UOW Computer Science Masters will connect you with the career you want. Our degrees are thorough & flexible.

    Department: Information Technology and Computing

    Duration: 2 years

    Read More Apply Now
  • Master of Information Technology

    The Master of Information Technology involves an in-depth study of the organisational, economic, regulatory and socio-technical

    Department: Information Technology and Computing

    Duration: 2 years

    Read More Apply Now
  • Master of Computer Science (Intelligent Systems)

    UOW's Computer Science Masters will connect you with the career you want. Our degrees are thorough & flexible.

    Department: Information Technology and Computing

    Duration: 2 years

    Read More Apply Now
  • Master of Information and Communications Technology (Advanced)

    The Master of Information and Communications Technology (Advanced) prepares computing professionals and recent graduates for work in the information and communications technologies sector at the top of today's thoroughly globalised and networked environme

    Department: Information Technology and Computing

    Duration: 2-2.5 years

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  • Information and Computer Engineering

    Information technologies and electrical engineering continue to develop at a rapid pace and have a major influence on everyday life and business.

    Department: Information Technology and Computing

    Duration: 3 years

    Read More Apply Now
  • Computer Science

    The master’s programme Computer Science taught in English at TU Graz offers you a vast number of opportunities to specialize in a particular field. You may choose 2 out of 12 areas of specialization, in which you wish to develop your expertise.

    Department: Information Technology and Computing

    Duration: 3 years

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  • Computer Science

    The Master's Programme Computer Science enhances and widens the skills and knowledge in the field of computer science acquired in the Bachelor's Programme Computer Science.

    Department: Information Technology and Computing

    Duration: 3 years

    Read More Apply Now
  • Computer Science

    The Computer Science program at Brandeis provides students with strong foundations in three fundamental areas

    Department: Information Technology and Computing

    Duration: 3 years

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  • Master of Applied Information Technology

    Support your vocation prospects and turn out to be exceptionally employable with a postgraduate capability in IT.

    Department: Information Technology and Computing

    Duration: 2 Years

    Read More Apply Now